There is considerable growth in the number of Ruby on Rails apps created in the "API only" manner. As a result, it is possible to create an API as an MVP, while still developing the application's frontend in any JS framework.
Back to roots - Hotwire in 2022
In 2022, we can also see Hotwire returning to its roots in the Ruby on Rails world. All these in a very short period, and with no development expertise. The strange thing is that we've used comparable tactics before. But never in such an orderly, unified manner.
Strada is the finishing touch to this entire technical stack. Rails will go to the top as a Web application solution. And that's because of the capabilities for constructing mobile hybrid apps.
Ruby on Rails has had performance concerns for years but with genuine progress. We see a major focus on addressing this issue and fixing the framework and language itself.
Ruby 3.0 proved three times quicker than Ruby 2.0. Now, version 3.1 takes another step toward better performance. One of the phases was to construct the so-called "Fiber Scheduler". This enables asynchronous Ruby operations with no side effects or tiresome developer effort.
Ruby examines well-known issues and alters the framework's behavior, pushing it toward asynchrony. As a matter of fact, a new version of the PG gem got published in early 2022. This allows asynchronous database requests and it demonstrates the Ruby community's development direction.
Encrypt everything with Rails
We now see one fantastic feature in Rails 7 that has been long expected. By default, our databases were never encrypted. In general, this does not imply that it is compromised. But if we can, we should encrypt even simple data in the database.
Parallel Execution in Ruby
Not all updates in Ruby on Rails are planned ahead of time. Some of them remind us of an experiment. An experiment that demonstrates RoR's willingness to explore new ideas. Ractor, a Ruby Actor Model is one of these features.
Why do people think Ruby on Rails is dead?
The idea of RoR's collapse has almost become an urban legend by now. That is the result of many misconceptions formed around the framework. Now it's time to dissect them:
1. Slow performance
Rails has slower runtime times than Node.js or Golang. This becomes obvious for great products with high traffic. If this isn't a large project with a lot of users and requests, Rails is not to blame for the poor speeds. The server design or databases are at fault.
Rails apps could be faster with a well-thought-out design and infrastructure. (a must in any large-scale projects, regardless of programming language). Basecamp, Airbnb, and GitHub are examples of large-scale RoR software. So where does all that lousy rep come from?
Rails offer so much for the developer. Novice developers make foolish choices while writing code. Performance suffers significantly when faulty code is used. The underlying performance concerns of Ruby and RoR are being worked on. See examples:
- In 2018, Ruby 2.6.1 was released, which brought speed enhancements and new features. The creators of Ruby 3 wanted to speed up the language three times faster than Ruby 2.
- Rails 6.0, released in 2019, has solutions that make creating Web apps easier. Rails began demanding Ruby 2.5+ from then on, bringing the most up-to-date Ruby features aboard.
- Rails 7.0, which was published in 2021, contained jsbundling-rails integration. It also has asynchronous query encrypted attributes to Active Record and other features.
2. Scalability issues
Let’s see why it's incorrect to blame the framework for difficulties and limitations. To serve requests rapidly, you need to take care of the following. Each component of the server system architecture must be set accurately and performant. When Twitter switched from Rails to Scala, Ruby was criticized for being unscalable. The change is most likely what ignited the debate over RoR's scalability difficulties.
Available scaling options with Rails:
- code optimization
- service-oriented architecture
- horizontal scalability
3. It’s mature, hence boring
Whenever a new framework arises, it quickly becomes popular. Especially the ones that ass something novel to the table. Hundreds of users and contributors appear all over the world. Then, after a few years, the buzz fades. What was once cutting-edge becomes far less thrilling, engaging, and demanding.
It's growing, yet, maturity does not have to be dull. Maturity implies reliable, improved code. Following technological trends is not always a wise idea. Switching to something more popular might have the opposite effect and raise expenses. But, digital transformation is always a good idea.
Ruby is popular among developers because of its concise, clean syntax. It doesn't need a lot of unnecessary punctuation. It’s an object-oriented language. It's a clean language, flexible and predictable, that is simple to understand and write. It also uses less code to generate fundamental structures.
Rails is popular because its conventions are both universal and intelligent. Rails is a repository of pre-written code. It implements the framework and many common tasks of a database-driven site. Thus avoiding wasteful labor in the early stages of the project.
So, why should you choose Ruby on Rails as a backend technology for your mobile app development?
- Because it is a mature technology that has been around for a decade now
- Because it is all about writing less code that does more
- Because it allows easy modification of existing code
- Because it follows Agile development principles
- Because it has a super-active, collaborative & vibrant community
- Because it has plenty of free plugins called ‘gems’
- Because it’s free to use
- And last but not least because it allows you to build a prototype in a rather short time
Building apps in RoR is quick and straightforward. All thanks to coding by convention—an ideal solution if you're on a small budget and have a tight deadline.
Finding competent RoR developers should not be difficult due to the large skill pool. Rails will never be a good solution for advanced and complicated projects. Especially in the hands of novice developers. It can cause future problems with maintenance, performance, security, and stability. All of them mean major expenditures that could be avoided.
Ruby on Rails provides mobile solutions for Android and iOS a competitive advantage. Therefore, Rails is popular because its conventions are both universal and intelligent.